CONNECTICUT ORNITHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION

Connecticut's Birding Organization

The Connecticut Ornithological Association (COA) is the only statewide organization dedicated specifically
to Connecticut's birds, birders, and birding.

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This list includes the 431 bird species recorded in Connecticut and accepted by the Avian Records Committee of Connecticut (ARCC). The names and sequences of species follow the A.O.U. Checklist of the Birds of North America (7th ed. 1998 and supplements to the 52nd, July 27, 2011).
See the AOU Checklist online

The Checklist of the Birds of Connecticut

Legend: * Rare in CT - ARCC requests details,  (S) Sight record only, (I) Introduced, (E) Extirpated, (X) Extinct

Ducks, Geese, and Swans
Fulvous Whistling-Duck*
Pink-footed Goose*
Greater White-fronted Goose
Graylag Goose*
Snow Goose
Ross’s Goose*
Brant
Barnacle Goose
Cackling Goose
Canada Goose
Mute Swan (I)
Tundra Swan
Wood Duck
Gadwall
Eurasian Wigeon
American Wigeon
American Black Duck
Mallard
Blue-winged Teal
Cinnamon Teal*
Northern Shoveler
Northern Pintail
Green-winged Teal
Canvasback
Redhead
Ring-necked Duck
Tufted Duck*
Greater Scaup
Lesser Scaup
King Eider
Common Eider
Harlequin Duck
Surf Scoter
White-winged Scoter
Black Scoter
Long-tailed Duck
Bufflehead
Common Goldeneye
Barrow’s Goldeneye
Hooded Merganser
Common Merganser
Red-breasted Merganser
Ruddy Duck

New World Quail
Northern Bobwhite

Partridges, Grouse, Turkeys
Ring-necked Pheasant (I)
Ruffed Grouse
Wild Turkey

Loons
Red-throated Loon
Pacific Loon*
Common Loon

Grebes
Pied-billed Grebe
Horned Grebe
Red-necked Grebe
Eared Grebe*
Western Grebe*

Shearwaters and Petrels
Northern Fulmar*
Black-capped Petrel*
Cory’s Shearwater*
Great Shearwater*
Sooty Shearwater* (S)
Manx Shearwater*
Audubon’s Shearwater* (S)

Storm-Petrels
Wilson’s Storm-Petrel
White-faced Storm-Petrel*
Leach’s Storm-Petrel*
Band-rumped Storm-Petrel*

Tropicbirds
White-tailed Tropicbird*

Storks
Wood Stork*

Frigatebirds
Magnificent Frigatebird*

Gannets
Northern Gannet

Cormorants and Darters
Double-crested Cormorant
Great Cormorant

Darters
Anhinga*

Pelicans
American White Pelican
Brown Pelican*

Herons and Bitterns
American Bittern
Least Bittern
Great Blue Heron
Great Egret
Snowy Egret
Little Blue Heron
Tricolored Heron
Cattle Egret
Green Heron
Black-crowned Night-Heron
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron

Ibises
White Ibis*
Glossy Ibis
White-faced Ibis*

New World Vultures
Black Vulture
Turkey Vulture

Ospreys
Osprey

Hawks, Kites, and Eagles
Swallow-tailed Kite
White-tailed Kite*
Mississippi Kite
Bald Eagle
Northern Harrier
Sharp-shinned Hawk
Cooper’s Hawk
Northern Goshawk
Red-shouldered Hawk
Broad-winged Hawk
Swainson’s Hawk
Red-tailed Hawk
Rough-legged Hawk
Golden Eagle

Falcons
American Kestrel
Merlin
Gyrfalcon*
Peregrine Falcon

Rails, Gallinules, and Coots
Yellow Rail*
Black Rail*
Corn Crake*
Clapper Rail
King Rail
Virginia Rail
Sora
Purple Gallinule*
Common Gallinule
American Coot

Cranes
Sandhill Crane

Plovers
Northern Lapwing*
Black-bellied Plover
American Golden-Plover
Snowy Plover*
Wilson’s Plover*
Semipalmated Plover
Piping Plover
Killdeer

Oystercatchers
American Oystercatcher

Stilts and Avocets
Black-necked Stilt*
American Avocet

Sandpipers and Phalaropes
Spotted Sandpiper
Solitary Sandpiper
Spotted Redshank*
Greater Yellowlegs
Willet
Lesser Yellowlegs
Upland Sandpiper
Eskimo Curlew*
Whimbrel
Long-billed Curlew*
Black-tailed Godwit*
Hudsonian Godwit
Bar-tailed Godwit*
Marbled Godwit
Ruddy Turnstone
Red Knot
Sanderling
Semipalmated Sandpiper
Western Sandpiper
Red-necked Stint*
Little Stint* (S)
Least Sandpiper
White-rumped Sandpiper
Baird’s Sandpiper
Pectoral Sandpiper
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper*
Purple Sandpiper
Dunlin
Curlew Sandpiper*
Stilt Sandpiper
Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Ruff*
Short-billed Dowitcher
Long-billed Dowitcher
Wilson’s Snipe
American Woodcock
Wilson’s Phalarope
Red-necked Phalarope
Red Phalarope*

Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers
Black-legged Kittiwake*
Ivory Gull*
Sabine’s Gull*
Bonaparte’s Gull
Black-headed Gull
Little Gull
Ross’s Gull*
Laughing Gull
Franklin’s Gull*
Mew Gull*
Ring-billed Gull
Herring Gull
Thayer’s Gull*
Iceland Gull
Lesser Black-backed Gull
Slaty-backed Gull*
Glaucous Gull
Great Black-backed Gull
Sooty Tern*
Bridled Tern*
Least Tern
Gull-billed Tern*
Caspian Tern
Black Tern
Roseate Tern
Common Tern
Arctic Tern*
Forster’s Tern
Royal Tern
Sandwich Tern*
Black Skimmer

Jaegers
Pomarine Jaeger* (S)
Parasitic Jaeger
Long-tailed Jaeger*

Auks, Murres, and Puffins
Dovekie*
Common Murre*
Thick-billed Murre*
Razorbill
Black Guillemot*
Atlantic Puffin*

Pigeons and Doves
Rock Pigeon (I)
Band-tailed Pigeon*(S)
Eurasian Collared-Dove*
White-winged Dove*
Mourning Dove
Common Ground-Dove*

Parrots
Monk Parakeet (I)

Cuckoos
Yellow-billed Cuckoo
Black-billed Cuckoo

Barn Owl
Barn Owl

Typical Owls
Eastern Screech-Owl
Great Horned Owl
Snowy Owl
Northern Hawk Owl*
Burrowing Owl*
Barred Owl
Great Gray Owl*
Long-eared Owl
Short-eared Owl
Boreal Owl*
Northern Saw-whet Owl

Goatsuckers
Common Nighthawk
Chuck-will’s-widow*
Eastern Whip-poor-will

Swifts
Chimney Swift

Hummingbirds
Broad-billed Hummingbird*
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Calliope Hummingbird*
Rufous Hummingbird

Kingfishers
Belted Kingfisher

Woodpeckers
Red-headed Woodpecker
Red-bellied Woodpecker
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Downy Woodpecker
Hairy Woodpecker
Black-backed Woodpecker*
Northern Flicker
Pileated Woodpecker

Tyrant Flycatchers 
Olive-sided Flycatcher
Eastern Wood-Pewee
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher
Acadian Flycatcher
Alder Flycatcher
Willow Flycatcher
Least Flycatcher
“Western” Flycatcher* (see 14th ARCC report)
Eastern Phoebe
Say’s Phoebe*
Ash-throated Flycatcher*
Great Crested Flycatcher
Tropical Kingbird*
Western Kingbird
Eastern Kingbird
Gray Kingbird*
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher*
Fork-tailed Flycatcher*

Shrikes
Loggerhead Shrike*
Northern Shrike

Vireos
White-eyed Vireo
Bell’s Vireo*
Yellow-throated Vireo
Blue-headed Vireo
Warbling Vireo
Philadelphia Vireo
Red-eyed Vireo

Crows and Jays
Blue Jay
American Crow
Fish Crow
Common Raven

Larks
Horned Lark


Swallows
Purple Martin
Brown-chested Martin*(S)
Tree Swallow
Northern Rough-winged Swallow
Bank Swallow
Cliff Swallow
Cave Swallow
Barn Swallow

Chickadees and Titmice
Black-capped Chickadee
Boreal Chickadee*
Tufted Titmouse

Nuthatches
Red-breasted Nuthatch
White-breasted Nuthatch

Creepers
Brown Creeper

Wrens
Carolina Wren
House Wren
Winter Wren
Sedge Wren
Marsh Wren

Gnatcatchers
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

Kinglets and Thrushes
Golden-crowned Kinglet
Ruby-crowned Kinglet
Northern Wheatear*
Eastern Bluebird
Mountain Bluebird*
Townsend’s Solitaire*
Veery
Gray-cheeked Thrush
Bicknell’s Thrush
Swainson’s Thrush
Hermit Thrush
Wood Thrush
American Robin
Varied Thrush*

Mockingbirds and Thrashers
Gray Catbird
Northern Mockingbird
Brown Thrasher

Starlings
European Starling (I)

Pipits
American Pipit

Waxwings
Bohemian Waxwing*
Cedar Waxwing

Longspurs and Snow Buntings
Lapland Longspur
Chestnut-collared Longspur*
Smith’s Longspur*
Snow Bunting

Wood-Warblers
Ovenbird
Worm-eating Warbler
Louisiana Waterthrush
Northern Waterthrush
Golden-winged Warbler
Blue-winged Warbler
Black-and-white Warbler
Prothonotary Warbler
Tennessee Warbler
Orange-crowned Warbler
Nashville Warbler
Connecticut Warbler
MacGillivray’s Warbler* (S)
Mourning Warbler
Kentucky Warbler
Common Yellowthroat
Hooded Warbler
American Redstart
Cape May Warbler
Cerulean Warbler
Northern Parula
Magnolia Warbler
Bay-breasted Warbler
Blackburnian Warbler
Yellow Warbler
Chestnut-sided Warbler
Blackpoll Warbler
Black-throated Blue Warbler
Palm Warbler
Pine Warbler
Yellow-rumped Warbler
Yellow-throated Warbler
Prairie Warbler
Black-throated Gray Warbler*
Hermit Warbler*(S)
Black-throated Green Warbler
Canada Warbler
Wilson’s Warbler
Yellow-breasted Chat

Towhees and Sparrows
Green-tailed Towhee*
Spotted Towhee*
Eastern Towhee
American Tree Sparrow
Chipping Sparrow
Clay-colored Sparrow
Field Sparrow
Vesper Sparrow
Lark Sparrow
Lark Bunting*
Savannah Sparrow
Grasshopper Sparrow
Henslow’s Sparrow*
Le Conte’s Sparrow*
Nelson’s Sparrow
Saltmarsh Sparrow
Seaside Sparrow
Fox Sparrow
Song Sparrow
Lincoln’s Sparrow
Swamp Sparrow
White-throated Sparrow
Harris’s Sparrow*
White-crowned Sparrow
Golden-crowned Sparrow*(S)
Dark-eyed Junco

Cardinals and Tanagers
Summer Tanager
Scarlet Tanager
Western Tanager*
Northern Cardinal
Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Black-headed Grosbeak*
Blue Grosbeak
Lazuli Bunting*
Indigo Bunting
Painted Bunting*
Dickcissel

Blackbirds and Orioles
Bobolink
Red-winged Blackbird
Eastern Meadowlark
Western Meadowlark*
Yellow-headed Blackbird
Rusty Blackbird
Brewer’s Blackbird*(S)
Common Grackle
Boat-tailed Grackle
Brown-headed Cowbird
Orchard Oriole
Bullock’s Oriole*
Baltimore Oriole

Finches
Brambling*
Pine Grosbeak
Purple Finch
House Finch
Red Crossbill
White-winged Crossbill
Common Redpoll
Hoary Redpoll*
Pine Siskin
American Goldfinch
Evening Grosbeak

Old World Sparrows
House Sparrow (I)

Extinct or Extirpated (4 species):
Labrador Duck, Gray Partridge, Greater Prairie-Chicken (Heath Hen subsp. Extinct), Passenger Pigeon. Native populations of Northern Bobwhite also extirpated.